Subscriptions Action Reference

This documentation is written for WooCommerce developers who want to extend or integrate with the WooCommerce Subscriptions plugin. To follow this documentation, you will need an advanced understanding of PHP and WordPress development.

If you are looking for a guide to creating and managing subscription products in a WooCommerce store, please refer to the Store Manager Guide instead. If you need to extend WooCommerce Subscriptions and are not a developer, you can find a developer in the WooExperts directory.

This document provides a reference for a few of the more important action hooks triggered by the WooCommerce Subscriptions extension.

It is not an exhaustive list of all actions triggered by Subscriptions, of which there are over 250, nor is it intended to be instructive about when to use these hooks. It is provided as a reference for a few of the more useful hooks you can use to interact with Subscriptions from custom code.

Payment and Renewal Actions ↑ Back to top

Action: 'woocommerce_scheduled_subscription_payment'

Parameters: $subscription_id Integer The ID of the subscription that will soon have a payment processed.

Description: Fired once when a subscription renewal payment should be processed.

This action can be triggered on a schedule, for example, if a subscription is $50 per year, this hook when fire once per year, on the anniversary of the original purchase.

It can also be triggered off-schedule by 3rd party code or store manager actions, like the action to process a renewal for an active subscription from the Edit Subscription screen.


Action: 'woocommerce_scheduled_subscription_payment_{$gateway_id}'

Parameters:
$renewal_total A float value representing the total amount to charge for this renewal payment.
$renewal_order A WC_Order object representing the order created to record the renewal.

Description: Much like the 'woocommerce_scheduled_subscription_payment' action, this action is fired once when a renewal payment should be processed.

The main difference being that this hook is gateway specific and intended to be used by payment gateways to actually process a payment. Because of this, the parameters passed to callbacks on this action are also different.

Action: 'woocommerce_subscription_payment_complete'

Parameters: $subscription A WC_Subscription object representing the subscription which has just received a payment.

Description: Triggered when a payment is made on a subscription. This can be payment for the initial order, a switch order or renewal order.


Action: 'woocommerce_subscription_renewal_payment_complete'

Parameters: $subscription A WC_Subscription object representing the subscription which has just received a renewal payment.

Description: Triggered when a renewal payment is made on a subscription.

Unlike the 'woocommerce_subscription_payment_complete' hook, this hook is not triggered for payments on the initial order or a switch order. It is only triggered for payments on renewal orders.

It will also be triggered for both automatic and manual renewal payments.


Action: 'woocommerce_subscription_payment_failed'

Parameters:
$subscription A WC_Subscription object representing the subscription which has just had a payment fail.
$new_status A string representation of the status applied to the subscription on the payment failure. By default, this is the on-hold status.

Description: Triggered when a payment fails for a subscription. This can be for payment of the initial order, a switch order or renewal order.


Action: 'woocommerce_subscription_renewal_payment_failed'

Parameters: $subscription A WC_Subscription object representing the subscription which has just had a renewal payment fail.

Description: Triggered when a renewal payment fails for a subscription.

Unlike the 'woocommerce_subscription_payment_failed' hook, this hook is not triggered for failed payments on the initial order or a switch order. It is only triggered for payments on renewal orders.

Subscription Status Change Actions ↑ Back to top

A subscriptions status can be changed by store owners, subscribers or automatic schedule events, like expiration. The following hooks will always be triggered on status changes, regardless of what initiated the status change.

Furthermore, to provide hooks for subscription status changes, WooCommerce Subscriptions provides both:

  1. dynamic hooks where the hook name includes the status, for example, 'woocommerce_subscription_status_active' and 'woocommerce_subscription_status_pending-cancel_to_cancelled'
  2. static hook names where the hook name never changes, for example, 'woocommerce_subscription_status_updated'.

In general, you should use the dynamic hook if you only need to attached to a single status change, like activation or cancellation. If your functions codes needs to perform different actions depending on different statuses, you should use the static hooks.

Action: 'woocommerce_subscription_status_updated'

Parameters:
$subscription An instance of a WC_Subscription object that just had its status changed.
$new_status The string representation of the new status applied to the subscription.
$old_status The string representation of the subscriptions status before the change was applied.

Description: Similar to WooCommerce’s 'woocommerce_order_status_changed' hook, this action is triggered immediately after a subscription’s status has been changed.

It will be triggered for all status changed defined by WooCommerce Subscriptions, including: pending, active, on-hold, pending-cancel, cancelled, switched or expired; as well as any custom subscription statuses.


Action: 'woocommerce_subscription_status_active'

Parameters: $subscription A WC_Subscription object representing the subscription that just had its status changed.

Description: This action is triggered after the subscription specified with $subscription has had its status changed to activated. The subscription’s status may have transitioned from pending to active, or on-hold to active or some other custom status to active.


Action: 'woocommerce_subscription_status_cancelled'
Parameters:
$subscription A WC_Subscription object representing the subscription that just had its status changed.

Description: This action is triggered after the subscription specified with $subscription has had its status changed.

The subscription’s status may have transitioned from pending to cancelled, or on-hold to cancelled, pending cancellation to cancelled or some other custom status to cancelled.

Importantly, a subscription’s status will not be transitioned to cancelled immediately when a store manager or customer cancels the subscription. Instead, it will be transitioned to pending-cancel and then transitioned to cancelled only after the end of prepaid term.


Action: 'woocommerce_subscription_status_expired'

Parameters: $subscription A WC_Subscription object representing the subscription that just had its status changed.

Description: Triggered when a subscription reaches the end of its term, if a length was set on the subscription product when it was purchased or an end date was otherwise set on a subscription.

This event may be triggered by either WooCommerce Subscriptions, which schedules an event to expire each subscription, or by 3rd party code which can call the WC_Subscription::update_status() function directly.


Action: 'woocommerce_subscription_status_on-hold'

Parameters: $subscription A WC_Subscription object representing the subscription that just had its status changed.

Description: Triggered when a subscription is put on-hold (suspended). A subscription is put on hold when:

  • the store manager has manually suspended the subscription
  • the customer has manually suspended the subscription from her My Account page
  • a renewal payment is due (subscriptions are suspended temporarily for automatic renewal payments until the payment is processed successfully and indefinitely for manual renewal payments until the customer logs in to the store to pay for the renewal. For more information, see the subscription renewal guide).

Subscription Life Cycle Actions ↑ Back to top

Action: 'woocommerce_scheduled_subscription_trial_end'

Parameters: $subscription_id Integer The ID of the subscription that has reached the end of its trial period.

Description: Triggered when the trial period for a subscription has reached its end date.

A subscription can have a trial period if a trial length was set on the subscription product at the time it was purchased or a trial end date was otherwise manually set on the subscription.


Action: 'woocommerce_scheduled_subscription_expiration'

Parameters: $subscription_id Integer The ID of the subscription that has reached the end of its life.

Description: Triggered when a subscription has reached its end date, based on the length set on the subscription product at the time it was purchased or an arbitrary end date that was otherwise manually set on the subscription.


Action: 'woocommerce_scheduled_subscription_end_of_prepaid_term'

Parameters: $subscription_id Integer The ID of the subscription that has reached the end of its prepaid term.

Description: Triggered when a subscription that was cancelled by a customer or store owner has reached the and of the term covered by the last payemnt.

For example, if a customer purchases a monthly subscription on the 1st of March, then cancels the subscription on the 15th of March, the 'woocommerce_subscription_status_pending-cancel' action will be triggered immediately and the 'woocommerce_scheduled_subscription_end_of_prepaid_term' action will scheduled to run on the 1st of April to cancel the subscription.

Subscriptions uses the 'woocommerce_scheduled_subscription_end_of_prepaid_term' hook internally to change a subscription’s status from pending-cancel to cancelled.


Action: 'woocommerce_checkout_subscription_created'

Parameters:
$subscription A WC_Subscription instance representing the subscription just created on checkout.
$order A WC_Order instance representing the order for which subscriptions have been created.
$recurring_cart A WC_Cart instance representing the cart which stores the data used for creating this subscription.

Description: Triggered when a subscription is created after a customer purchases a subscription product or products.

This hook is triggered after WooCommerce has created an order to record the transaction and it is triggered once for every subscription created with the pending status for that order. This occurs before payment payment has been made on an order and subscriptions are activated.

As the cart can contain mutiple subscriptions products, and these products are grouped into special instances of WC_Cart used to store the products, shipping, taxes and other data associated with that group of products for recurring payments, the action also passes the recurring cart which lead to this subscription to callbacks.


Action: 'subscriptions_created_for_order'

Parameters: $order WC_Order The order for which subscriptions have been created.

Description: Triggered when the subscriptions in an order are first created with the pending status. This occurs before payment payment has been made on an order and subscriptions are activated.


Action: 'woocommerce_subscriptions_updated_users_role'

Parameters:
$role_new String The name of the role the user was just assigned.
$user WP_User The user whose role has just been changed.
$role_old String The name of the role the user had before the new role was assigned.

Description: When a subscription is activated, suspended, cancelled or expired, the user’s role will also be changed, which triggers the 'woocommerce_subscriptions_updated_users_role' hook.


WooCommerce - the most customizable eCommerce platform for building your online business.

Back to the top